DNS Discovery Setup Guide
This document explains how to set up an EIP 1459 node list using the devp2p developer tool. The focus of this guide is creating a public list for the Ethereum mainnet and public testnets, but you may also find this helpful if you want to set up DNS-based discovery for a private network.
DNS-based node lists can serve as a fallback option when connectivity to the discovery DHT is unavailable. In this guide, we’ll create node lists by crawling the discovery DHT, then publishing the resulting node sets under chosen DNS names.
Installing the devp2p command
cmd/devp2p is a developer utility and is not included in the Geth distribution. You can
install this command using
go get github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/cmd/devp2p
To create a signing key, you might also need the
go get github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/cmd/ethkey
Crawling the v4 DHT
Our first step is to compile a list of all reachable nodes. The DHT crawler in cmd/devp2p is a batch process which runs for a set amount of time. You should should schedule this command to run at a regular interval. To create a node list, run
devp2p discv4 crawl -timeout 30m all-nodes.json
This walks the DHT and stores the set of all found nodes in the
Subsequent runs of the same command will revalidate previously discovered node records,
add newly-found nodes to the set, and remove nodes which are no longer alive. The quality
of the node set improves with each run because the number of revalidations is tracked
alongside each node in the set.
Creating sub-lists through filtering
all-nodes.json has been created and the set contains a sizeable number of nodes,
useful sub-sets of nodes can be extracted using the
devp2p nodeset filter command. This
command takes a node set file as argument and applies filters given as command-line flags.
To create a filtered node set, first create a new directory to hold the output set. You can use any directory name, though it’s good practice to use the DNS domain name as the name of this directory.
Then, to create the output set containing Ethereum mainnet nodes only, run
devp2p nodeset filter all-nodes.json -eth-network mainnet > mainnet.nodes.example.org/nodes.json
The following filter flags are available:
-eth-network ( mainnet | ropsten | rinkeby | goerli )selects an Ethereum network.
-les-serverselects LES server nodes.
-ip <mask>restricts nodes to the given IP range.
-min-age <duration>restricts the result to nodes which have been live for the given duration.
Creating DNS trees
To turn a node list into a DNS node tree, the list needs to be signed. To do this, you need a key pair. To create the key file in the correct format, you can use the cmd/ethkey utility. Please choose a good password to encrypt the key on disk.
ethkey generate dnskey.json
devp2p dns sign to update the signature of the node list. If your list’s
directory name differs from the name you want to publish it at, please specify the DNS
name the using the
-domain flag. This command will prompt for the key file password and
update the tree signature.
devp2p dns sign mainnet.nodes.example.org dnskey.json
The resulting DNS tree metadata is stored in the
Publishing DNS trees
Now that the tree is signed, it can be published to a DNS provider. cmd/devp2p currently supports publishing to CloudFlare DNS and Amazon Route53. You can also export TXT records as a JSON file and publish them yourself.
To publish to CloudFlare, first create an API token in the management console. cmd/devp2p
expects the API token in the
CLOUDFLARE_API_TOKEN environment variable. Now use the
following command to upload DNS TXT records via the CloudFlare API:
devp2p dns to-cloudflare mainnet.nodes.example.org
Note that this command uses the domain name specified during signing. Any existing records below this name will be erased by cmd/devp2p.
Using DNS trees with Geth
Once your tree is available through a DNS name, you can tell geth to use it with the
--discovery.dns command line flag. Node trees are referenced using the
scheme. You can find the URL of your tree in the
enrtree-info.json file created by
devp2p dns sign. Just pass the URL as an argument to the flag in order to make use of
the published tree.
geth --discovery.dns "enrtree://AMBMWDM3J6UY3M32TMMROUNLX6Y3YTLVC3DC6HN2AVG5NHNSAXDW6@mainnet.nodes.example.org"